Coffee is the most consumed beverages in the world. Just like brushing the teeth is a part of daily routine, drinking coffee has also become a part of our daily life. People enjoy coffee around the world. More than 400 billion cups of coffee are consumed each year. Therefore, there is no doubt that coffee is one of the most popular beverages. But, have you ever thought that how this amazing drink is made? What are all procedures required for its production? Well, we are here to do that. Keep calm and take a tour with us to know how certified organic green coffee beans are made.
Planting and harvesting the cherries
The first step in the long process of growing coffee is the planting of seeds. The seeds are planted in the large area and are shaded from bright sunlight until they become strong enough to be permanently planted. These seedlings are watered frequently. Approximately after 3-4 years, the seed turns into a fruit called coffee cherry. The fruits are either picked by hand or through machines by either using strip pick method or by using selective pick method. The harvest is then transported to the processing plant
Processing the cherries
To prevent the spoilage of the fruits, the processing is started as soon as possible. Processing is done in two ways
This method is used in the countries where water is not available in abundance. The cherries are placed under the sun to dry them out until the moisture their drops to 11%.
In this method, pulp of the cherries is removed so that the bean dries with only one layer of the skin left on it.
Then, the skin and pulp of the cherries are separated. The cherries then go through the process of fermentation and are passed through the water channels. Then they are again dried.
Drying and Milling the beans
After drying the cherries again and reducing the moisture up to 11%, they are kept for the storage. They are stored in the warehouse either in the jute bags or in the saisal bags until ready for the export. But, before exporting the upper layer (endocarp) is removed. Then the beans are polished after which grading and sorting are done. They are then exported to all the parts of the quality of the beans.
For the quality taste, coffee is repeatedly tested. The taster asses the visual quality of the beans. Then they are roasted in a small laboratory. They powdered beans are immediately brewed and the tester checks the aroma of the coffee. After checking the aroma, the taster evenly sprays the spoonful of coffee over his taste buds. The taster tastes samples from a variety of different batches and analyses their characteristics and flaws.
If the quality of the beans is approved, they are roasted at the temperature of about 550 degrees Fahrenheit. Roasting changes the color of the beans from green to brown. In this process, beans are kept moving to prevent them from burning. The color of the beans begins to change when the beans reach the internal temperature of 400 degrees and also the fragrant oil inside the bean, known as caffeol begins to emerge. This oil produces the aroma and flavor of the coffee which we all love. After the process of roasting, the beans are cooled and grinned. Generally, the process of roasting is carried out in the importing countries to keep the flavor of the coffee as fresh as possible.
After the process of roasting, the beans are ground into a fine powder. The size of the granules depends upon the brewing method. If the size of the granules is small then the flavor of the coffee would spread more quickly. However, there are different methods of brewing the coffee. Therefore, all the sizes of granules are usually available in the market.
One the coffee powder is ready; it is packed in the containers and is shipped to different parts of the country. The coffee is ready for the brewing! Brewing can be done with or without the machine. If you are doing it without the machine then take a quick look at the process to brew the coffee:
- Fill the pan with the water and turn on the heat. Use a little more amount of water than usual because some amount of water will evaporate.
- Once the water starts boiling, add the coffee powder. The amount of coffee powder depends on your preferences and taste but generally, 2 Tbsp powder is used for 1 cup of coffee.
- After adding and mixing the powder, cover the pan with the lid and turn off the flame and wait for 4-5 minutes.
Your coffee is ready. Pour it into your cup and enjoy!